About Maternal Fetal Medicine

What is Maternal Fetal Medicine?  

Maternal fetal medicine, or MFM, is a sub-specialty of Obstetrics & Gynecology. 

MFM physicians are fully trained and qualified Obstetricians & Gynecologists who, upon fulfilling the requirements of a fellowship and satisfactory completion of written and oral examinations, are certified as sub-specialists by the American Board of Obstetrics & Gynecology. 

Maternal Fetal specialists, also known as MFM specialists, perinatologists, and high-risk obstetricians, are highly trained physicians with expertise in obstetric, medical, and surgical complications of pregnancy, prenatal diagnosis of birth defects, and management of fetal complications.

An MFM specialist provides care for both the mother and fetus during a complicated pregnancy, working with your obstetrician and providing consultation, co-management, or direct care. Because we specialize in obstetrical ultrasound, many patients are referred for prenatal sonograms.

Women are referred to a specialist for many reasons, which generally fall within three broad categories: medical conditions which could complicate the pregnancy, obstetrical complications, or fetal evaluation. Some examples include:

Medical Conditions

  • High blood pressure
  • Diabetes
  • Heart disease
  • Kidney disease
  • Blood disorders
  • Thyroid disorders
  • Cancer

Obstetric Complications

  • Multiples (twins, triplets & quads)
  • Pregnancy-induced hypertension
  • High risk for pre-term delivery
  • Recurrent miscarriage
  • Bleeding in pregnancy

Fetal Health Assessment

  • Suspected birth defects
  • Genetic disorders
  • Rh disease
  • Fetal growth restriction or excessive growth
  • Fetal well-being assessment in the third trimester